1L - First Year Topics

This set of Topics covers subjects typically taught during the first year of law school.

1L - First Year Topics

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Abortion

This lesson can be used in a Constitutional Law or Family Law course, as preparation for class or as review for an exam on the topic of Abortion.

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Acceptance

The lesson takes up issues such as the manner of acceptance, who can accept, silence as acceptance, rejection and counter-offer.

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Accomplice Liability - Definitional Issues

At common law, a distinction was made between the perpetrator of a crime, and the perpetrator's accomplices. In this lesson, we examine the common law definitions that applied to accomplices, and modern approaches to complicity, including the Model Penal Code. This lesson is intended for students who have studied these issues in class, and who wish to refine their knowledge and understanding.

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Accomplice Liability - Mens Rea

This lesson continues our discussion of accomplice liability. In a prior lesson, we examined how the common law and the Model Penal Code classified various types of accomplices. In another prior lesson, we examined the actus reus requirement for accomplice liability. In this lesson, we continue the discussion by focusing on the mens rea requirement for accomplice liability. The lesson is intended for students who have studied these issues in class, and who wish to refine their understanding and knowledge of the topic.

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Actus Reus

This exercise provides an introduction to the act requirement. In particular, it addresses the definition of "act," voluntariness, liability for omissions (failures to act), and possession offenses.

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Adverse Possession: Color of Title and Constructive Adverse Possession

This lesson focuses upon the concept of "color of title" and the role that it plays in the resolution of adverse possession disputes. The lesson should assist students in understanding: the distinction between claims of possession with color of title and without color of title; the significance of color of title as a basis (in some states) for shortening the statutory period for adverse possession; and the significance of color of title as a prerequisite for a claim of title by constructive adverse possession.

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Adverse Possession: Hostile Possession or Possession Under Claim of Right

This lesson focuses upon the requirement that an adverse possession claim must be based upon possession that is sufficiently "hostile" and "under claim of right." This lesson addresses the following topics: the rationale behind the "hostile/under claim of right" requirement and how it relates to the other elements of the common law adverse possession rule; the significance of "permission to occupy land" under adverse possession doctrine, and how to distinguish between permissive and hostile claims; and the legal standards by which differing courts have evaluated the hostility of a possessor’s claim, either by reference to the possessor’s actions (objectively), or state of mind (subjectively).

Lesson Viewed

Adverse Possession: Open and Notorious Possession

This lesson focuses on the "open and notorious" element of the common law adverse possession standard. This lesson and its accompanying questions should help students understand the following: the rationale behind the "open and notorious" requirement; how courts have applied the "open and notorious" requirement in a variety of different factual settings, including boundary line encroachments, subsurface rights, and "open lands" (large, unenclosed parcels of land not presently suitable for cultivation or development); and how the "open and notorious" requirement relates to the other elements of the common law adverse possession rule.

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