This lesson assumes students are familiar with the requirement of consideration. This exercise covers one of the exceptions to this general rule. Historically, one situation where consideration was not required to create a binding contract was when the promise was made "under seal." The lesson explains the history of "the seal" and the seal's role in contract law today.
- This Subject Area Index lists all CALI lessons covering Contracts.
- The Contracts Outline allows you to search for terms of art that correspond to topics you are studying to find suggestions for related CALI Lessons.
This lesson explores the circumstances in which a court is likely to award specific performance as a remedy.
This exercise assists the student in determining whether a transaction is within the statute of frauds, whether the agreement is evidenced by a writing, and whether an exception applies.
This lesson assumes you are familiar with the requirement of consideration and the rule that past consideration is not good consideration. Ordinarily, a promise is legally binding only if that promise is supported by a consideration. As the student may recall, "past consideration" is a misnomer. If a party makes a promise to pay for a benefit previously conferred, there is no consideration for the promise because the benefit was not bargained for in exchange for the promise. This lesson covers one of the exceptions to this general rule.
This lesson examines the grounds for determining whether a breach is material and explores the consequences if it is.
This lesson deals with third party beneficiary contracts. The initial questions in this exercise are intended to familiarize students with the various types of contract beneficiaries. Since there is no general agreement on terminology, the questions test the students on both the First Restatement of Contracts types, i.e., creditor, donee, and incidental, and the Second Restatement of Contract types, i.e., intended and incidental. Subsequent questions deal with vesting of contract beneficiaries' rights and with defenses which can be asserted by a promisor against a beneficiary.
This lesson demonstrates how the principles of remedies are found in the UCC and provides some guidance for working with the UCC. This lesson may be run either as an introduction before the material is studied or as a review after it is studied.
This lesson explores the remedies that are available in UCC Article 2 for the Buyer when the Seller is in breach. We first examine the remedies when the Seller has the goods, and then when the Buyer has the goods. This lesson may be run either as an introduction before the material is studied or as a review after it is studied.
This lesson explores the remedies that are available in UCC Article 2 for the Seller when the Buyer is in breach.
This lesson presents an overview of unconscionability as a defense to contract formation or to particular clauses in the contract.
This is an overview of vocabulary used in the lessons on Defenses. You might wish to run it prior to running those lessons.
A contract can contain many different types of promises, made up of both express and implied terms. Express and implied warranty terms are the subject of this lesson. For instance, when parties contract for the sale of goods, they have certain expectations about the goods to be sold. These expectations form the basis of warranties that arise under U.C.C. Article 2. That is, what has the seller agreed to sell?