10. CALI Author Page Types

CALI Author has nine page types (and their variations) for use in lessons. As you author a lesson, please do not feel compelled to use all page types. The variations exist simply as tools for authors. When you click Add Page in the Page Menu, the following box appears. Notice that CALI Author automatically creates a default page name for you. To change the page name simply place your cursor in the box and enter the new name and click OK.



After naming your page, you are presented with a list of possible page types. Many pages have different variations on the master page type.


CALI Author Page Types

Topics Book page Multiple Choice 

List of choices

Simple buttons

Multiple choice set


Draw lines

Drag boxes

Radio Buttons

Check boxes

Check boxes set

Sliders Text 

Short answer

Selection of text

Essay Answer

Popup Miscellaneous 

Flash Cards





When the page type dialog is displayed, you can select your master page type from the left-hand box and select any available variations from the right-hand box. Whenever a master page or master page variation is selected, a sample picture will be displayed with a short description of the page.


An outline of available page types is below.  The following will discuss each page type and any possible variations of the master page type. Click on an image to see the full size screen.


The Topics page presents a menu of topics for the user to choose. The first page of all lessons, the "Contents" page is a topic page. The hierarchy of the topics pages determines the outline of the lesson. You must have a Topics page in a lesson. And, if you want sub-menus you create them on the same Topics page.



The Book page presents the user with a page of text. Book pages can also include pictures (BMP, JPG or GIF format), Video (AVI format), or sounds (WAV format). Currently, images that are added to a Book Page appear only in authoring mode. They will appear in the final Flash version of the lesson; however, the lesson is converted to Flash (using AutoPublish, for example), the images will not be visible in author mode. By default, the first question that is automatically created when you create a new lesson is a Book Page; to change this, use the "Info" tab (see below) while in Author Mode.



The Multiple Choice page offers users multiple choice questions in several formats.


The List of Choices page offers a standard A, B, C list of choices, with a minimum of 2 choices to a maximum of 6 choices. This page is best used when only one response is correct. For more than one correct response please use a check boxes or check boxes set question type.


The Simple Buttons page offers a choice of buttons with a minimum of 2 buttons and a maximum of 3 buttons. This page type can be used for true/false, agree/disagree, and yes/no/maybe question formats. This question type also works well for asking students to apply the proper code section, such as 104(a) or 104(b).


The Multiple Choice set offers a set (matrix) of subquestions that refer to a main theme or question on the page. The minimum number of subquestions is 1, and the maximum is 6. The minimum number of choice buttons for each answer is 2, and the maximum is 3 (each answer must have the same number and same label for the buttons). This page can be used for multiple true/false, agree/disagree, yes/no/maybe, the application of the right statute section, etc. Each subquestion is scored independently. Disabling scoring this page effects all the subquestions. (To disable scoring, in authoring mode, select INFO tab/Scoring and follow the directions.)



The Categories page presents users with a list of items to categorize.


In a Draw lines page the user draws lines from items to connect them to categories on the other side of the screen (matching). The Draw lines page requires a minimum of 2 matching items to a maximum of 6 matching items. Columns do not have to be symmetrical (you can have 6 choices on one side, and 4 on the other, etc.). Students are provided one response for right and one for wrong. It is best not to disable 'Next Page' from this question type, as students can get stuck at this point in the lesson. Instead, provide students with a couple of hints, and when they still get the question wrong, explain the analysis and allow the student to progress to the next page.


The Drag boxes page allows users to drag items into appropriate categories. You may have a minimum of 2 items and a maximum of 12. The minimum number of categories is 1 and the maximum number of categories is 6. The lesson author may designate some items as red herrings, as well as force the user to drag boxes in a specific order for an answer to be correct. Students are provided one response for right and one for wrong. It is best not to disable 'Next Page' from this question type, as students can get stuck at this point in the lesson. Instead, provide students with a couple of hints, and when they still get the question wrong, explain the analysis and allow the student to progress to the next page.


The Radio Buttons and Check Boxes page allows users to classify items by picking appropriate categories. The default page has 2 categories and 1 item to be classified. The page can contain between 1 and 4 categories and between 1 and 6 items to be classified. The Radio Buttons page uses Radio buttons (either/or logic) for classification, while the Check boxes page uses Check Boxes (and logic), enabling more than one classification per item. A Radio Buttons page can be turned into a Check Boxes page by changing the option from "Radio button" to "CheckBox" (and vice-versa). With this question type, students are provided one response for right and one for wrong. It is best not to disable 'Next Page' from this question type, as students can get stuck at this point in the lesson. Instead, provide students with a couple of hints, and when they still get the question wrong, explain the analysis and allow the student to progress to the next page.


The Check boxes set allows you to add additional feedback. For each item that a student can check or leave unchecked you provide a feedback for when the student checks the box and for when the student doesn't check it. For example, if you have 4 items you would provide 8 feedbacks (one for each right and wrong answer for each item). The feedback the student gets would be a single popup listing all 4 items with the feedbacks matching the choices. Experience has shown us that the response has to be carefully constructed to minimize students' confusion and maximize their understanding. Some faculty find it best to start the responses with phrase such as "Correct. You were right not to check this box, because...."



Slides are historical and infrequently used in current CALI lessons. Instead, faculty use a 'Book Page' with images and hotspots, or some type of Categories question.

The Sliders question type allows students to answer a question by selecting a value from a slider. There may be between 1 and 4 sliders on a page. There are four different kinds of sliders: (1) Range in Dollars, (2) Range in Percent, (3) Range in Numbers, and (4) Range in custom format. The "Range in custom format" slider allows the author to create a custom slider with two to six settings.



Text pages allow questions to be answered with text responses.


In the Short answer page the student enters an answer that is compared to an answer supplied by the author. The student always is given space for one answer while the author has the option of supplying several possible answers, each with their own feedback. There is also a default response for unrecognized student answers. CALI Author does not allow students to enter a section symbol. So when asking students to enter a statute section, consider accepting the following as correct choices: 801d1, 801(d)(1), 801(d)1, and 801d(1). This question type is valuable when helping students master terms of art or the application of statutory material and rules. For best results please think broadly when you ask students for phrases, as the computer looks for specific words and phrases depending on how you set up the answer.



In a selection of text page the author marks a specific area of text as the target text as the answer. To answer the question the student then must select text from the page and indicate that the selected text answers the question asked. The author provides the text to be selected from, and the text that forms the answer. A buffer-zone can be provided by the author to accept answers containing too much or too little text. This question type has been used quite successfully by asking students to pick the applicable words/phrase/sentences of statutes and cases.


In the Essay answer page the student enters an essay answer and then is presented with the author's model answer. This page is not graded or scored by CALI Author. All answer evaluation is done by the student comparing his/her answer to the author's model answer. The Essay question allows for 2 places for feedback. Both are displayed when the student clicks the Grade button. Additionally, the question format allows for a fact pattern and the start of a model answer. Some faculty start the response or outline some of the elements students should include in their answers, to encourage students to write an essay answer.

Although this page is not graded, faculty who use either LessonLink or AutoPublish can require their students to 'Save Score' at the end of the lesson. In these instances, faculty will be able to see the exact essay that students enter when they login to the CALI website. Please review the FAQs for LessonLink and AutoPublish for further details.



Popup pages present extra information that doesn't need to be in the question or information that is shared by many questions. Popups are accessed though hyperlinks in the text of the question. Popups are most useful when the same document, documents, or advice/feedback is in many questions or areas of the lesson. Popups can include a list of analytical steps, statutory material, or the fact pattern from a previous question. As students do not have to click on popups, experience has shown that it is best not to include the key bit of analysis in a popup. That's best placed in the text of the lesson.

Popups can be used in conjunction with Toolbar Buttons to provide students with additional material (such as statutory material) that they may wish to consult in answering any questions.



The Miscellaneous pages are designed to be computer-based equivalents of two educational games. Neither of these pages are scored. At the present time only the Flash Cards page type works when exported to HTML (see below), we are working on making all these pages exportable.


For Flash cards the author creates a series of questions that the student runs through by clicking on a "card" on the screen. When a card is shown, clicking the card reveals the answer and clicking on the answer reveals the next card.



This page is not supported in Flash.

The Hangman page is a computer version of the phrase-guessing game. Using GIF and JPG files the author can customize the hanged person's appearance and the length of time it takes for the hanging to take place. CALI advises against using images of your Dean or other faculty members as the hanged person and disclaims all liability resulting from such use.



This page is not supported in Flash. However, you may add video to your lesson. Please contact CALI's staff for details about video format.

The RealPlayer page type allows you to create a page containing a RealAudio or RealVideo file.