This is one in a series of lessons on accomplice liability. In earlier lessons, we examined how accomplices were classified under the common law and the Model Penal Code. In addition, we examined the mens rea requirement for accomplice liability. In this lesson, we continue the discussion by examining the actus reus requirement of accomplice liability. This lesson is intended for students who have studied these issues in class, and who wish to further refine their knowledge and understanding of the topic.
On completion of the lesson, students will be able to:
1. Discuss the common law actus reus requirement of accomplice liability and how modern rules vary from the common law requirements.
2. Analyze the common law issues of providing tools and being present regarding accomplice liability.
3. Identify the three situations in which a person can be regarded as "legally accountable" for the conduct of another, and therefore guilty of complicity under the MPC.