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  • This Subject Area Index lists all CALI lessons covering Contracts.
  • The Contracts Outline allows you to search for terms of art that correspond to topics you are studying to find suggestions for related CALI Lessons.


Discussions in Contracts: Defenses Overview Podcast

The topic of this podcast is an introduction to defenses to enforcement of a contract based upon defects in the bargaining process, capacity of one of the parties, or public policy. There are three sets of defenses to enforcement of a contract which is otherwise valid. The first set of defenses relate to capacity to contract. There are three capacity related defenses: (i) infancy (where a party is a minor, meaning below the age of majority), (ii) mental illness or defect; and (iii) intoxication.

Disclaimer of Warranty and Limitation of Remedies: Discussions in Contracts (Podcast)

The topic of this podcast is Disclaimer of Warranty and Limitation of Remedies. Warranties provided by the default rules of Article 2 are covered in a different podcast. This podcast will provide a basic overview of how the seller may disclaim warranties or limit the remedies for their breach. Topics covered include express warranties, the implied warranty of merchantability,  and disclaiming liability for consequential damages. Examples include an analysis of sections 2-312 and 2-316.

Discussions in Contracts: Duration of Offers Podcast

The topic of this podcast is how to determine the duration of the power of acceptance in the offeree and whether that power of acceptance has been terminated. Recall that a contract is a promise or set of promises which the law enforces. Ordinarily, the manifestation of mutual assent takes place by virtue of an offer by the offeror, which is then followed by an acceptance by the offeree. Once an offer is terminated, the power of acceptance is no longer present unless the offeror revives the offer at a later time.

Discussions in Contracts: Duress and Undue Influence Podcast

There are three sets of defenses that might be used to avoid enforcement of a contract which is otherwise valid. The topic of this podcast is the basic concepts related to two of the assent related defenses, duress and undue influence. The defense of duress exists to protect against contracts that are obtained by some type of threat or coercion. The defense of undue influence exists for a more specialized role, to protect against assent obtained by unfair persuasion.

Discussions in Contracts: Impossibility, Impracticability and Frustration Podcast

The topic of this podcast is impossibility, impracticability and frustration. Ordinarily we expect the parties to perform their contracts under the principle of pacta sunt servanda, meaning promises are to be kept. Contract law, though, does provide excuse for non-performance (meaning a party is not in breach) in the event of certain contingencies the nonoccurrence of which are basic assumptions of a contract. This podcast covers the three distinct grounds for excuse provided by contract law: (i) impossibility; (ii) impracticability; and (iii) frustration of purpose.