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  • This Subject Area Index lists all CALI lessons covering Negotiable Instruments and Payment Systems.
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Negotiable Instruments / Payment Systems

Payment Systems: Holders Podcast

The topic of this podcast is who a holder is, how someone becomes a holder, and why it is important. This topic deals with instruments, typically paper checks and promissory notes. While we might not use instruments frequently, checks and promissory notes are still used in many transactions, particularly larger ones. Moreover, financial fraud remains a problem for attorneys who might be the victim of it themselves or need to counsel clients with respect to enforcement of an instrument.

Payment Systems: Imposters and Fictitious Payees Podcast

The topic of this podcast is who has responsibility for losses involving imposters and fictitious payees. This topic deals with instruments, typically paper checks and promissory notes. Most individuals don’t use paper checks very often, but checks and promissory notes are still used in many transactions, particularly larger ones. Moreover, financial fraud remains a problem. Not only is this a practice issue, but imposters and fictitious payees are covered in Article 3 of the Uniform Commercial Code, which is tested by a number of states on the bar examination.

Payment Systems: Indorsement Liability and Transfer and Presentment Warranties Podcast

The topic of this podcast is when a party that has suffered a loss can shift the loss to another party who indorsed the instrument or who either transferred or presented an instrument for payment. This is important because oftentimes an examination question will simply ask who is liable, which often involves analysis of whether a liable party can shift liability to others. This podcast primarily covers the rules of §§ 3-415 - 3-417.

Payment Systems: Indorsements Podcast

The topic of this podcast explains what an indorsement is, the different types of indorsements and why they can be important. Indorsements are covered in Article 3 of the Uniform Commercial Code, which is tested by a number of states on the bar examination. At the conclusion of this podcast, you should be able to (1) identify the different types of indorsements and describe how to use them; and (2) explain the reason why indorsements are important.

Payment Systems: Instruments Signed for Accommodation Podcast

The topic of this podcast is the obligations and rights of accommodation parties and accommodated parties under Article 3 of the Uniform Commercial Code (U.C.C.), including issues that arise with respect to the settlement of the obligation of the primary obligor.  Guarantee transactions present themselves frequently in practice and, because issues can arise under Article 3, the issue sometimes comes up on the bar examination in terms of liability. The primary code provisions covered in this podcast are §§ 3-419 and 3-605. Important terminology will also be discussed.

Payment Systems: Liability of the Parties on a Negotiable Instrument Podcast

This podcast discusses the basics of who is liable on a negotiable instrument and to whom. Why is this important?  Oftentimes an examination question will simply ask who’s liable. It is important to use the correct legal terminology when describing responsible parties and claims and to organize claims either by responsible party or the party making the claim. In this podcast we will look at responsibility of drawers, makers, drawee banks, depository banks, indorsers, transferees and presenters.

Payment Systems: Negotiable Instruments Vocabulary Podcast

The topic of this podcast is the different basic vocabulary and parties you may see when considering a negotiable instrument under Article 3 of the Uniform Commercial Code. Article 3 is tested on a number of bar examinations. It is always important to correctly identify the transaction and its parties when considering an instrument. An understanding of the basic vocabulary and parties will help you not only use the correct terminology, but also to understand the role of the parties.

Payment Systems: Who Can Bring a Claim on a Negotiable Instrument Podcast

The topic of this podcast is the basics of who can bring which claims on a negotiable instrument and against whom. This is important because oftentimes an examination question will simply ask who is liable. But in practice and sometimes on an examination you will have to answer as to the right of recovery of a specific party. You might also need to discuss which parties will ultimately get stuck with the loss. This podcast will look at claims that might be made by a drawer, maker, drawee bank (sometimes called a payor bank), depositary bank, transferee, and payee.

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