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  • This Subject Area Index lists all CALI lessons covering Remedies.
  • The Remedies Outline allows you to search for terms of art that correspond to topics you are studying to find suggestions for related CALI Lessons.


Interests Protected

This lesson is one of a series on the topic of "Compensatory Damages." This particular lesson explores the differences among each of the three main types of legally-protected "interests" most commonly involved in any damages case: the expectation interest, the reliance interest, and the restitution interest. It is designed as an "Introduction" to the basic distinctions among each of these different interests, as well as a practical guide to determining when one interest should be asserted instead of another.

For beginning students, this lesson should not be attempted until the "Basic Terminologies in Compensatory Damages" lesson has been completed. Students who have already completed foundational courses in "Contracts" may wish to use this lesson as a review of these same basic "Damages" terminologies, or to better understand more complex issues presented by other courses in which substantive Damages issues or remedies issues may be presented. For comparative purposes designed to illustrate the various distinctions among each of these three different types of legally-protected damages "interests," this lesson focuses primarily upon contract damage examples.

Libel and Slander

One of the difficult common law issues in defamation was the distinction between libel and slander. This lesson explains the differences between the two types of defamatory statements. Material is provided on the damage requirements of both. This lesson is part of a series about defamation. One should review the lesson on Basic Issues in Defamation and Privileges before working with this exercise. After finishing this one, the exercise on Constitutional Issues in Defamation should be covered.

Modifying Injunctions

This lesson focuses on the problem of modifying injunctions. As we shall see, even though an injunction is labeled as "permanent," it is subject to modification or alteration. Indeed, some injunctions, even some far reaching ones, are not intended to last forever. In this lesson, we examine the standards and criteria by which courts decide whether to terminate or modify existing injunctions. This lesson is intended for students who have studied these issues in class, and wish to refine and enhance their knowledge.

Non-Economic Damages: Proof and Argument

This lesson covers the availability of non-economic damages; evidentiary issues in proving these damages; and issues in the argument to the jury of these damages. This lesson gives you an opportunity to explore the "how to" of non-economic damages, particularly damages for pain and suffering and mental or emotional distress. The lesson is designed for upper-level students in remedies, advanced torts, or trial practice courses. Students should have some basic knowledge of both tort law and evidence law. First-year students may find the lesson accessible by making use of the pop-up screens providing background on concepts and rules.

Preliminary Injunctive Relief

This lesson deals with the requirements for preliminary injunctive relief, and includes both temporary injunctions and temporary restraining orders. It is designed for students who have already studied this material in class, and desire to refine their understanding of the matter by applying it in various contexts.

Recovery of Attorneys Fees

Expense is a significant factor in any litigation. In deciding whether a judicial remedy is worth pursuing, parties must consider the cost of obtaining that remedy. The "American Rule" provides that parties to a lawsuit ordinarily pay their own attorney's fees, unless a statute or contract provides that fees can be shifted to the opponent. As it is fundamental to the litigation landscape, you may have touched on this doctrine in a number of your law school classes.

This lesson reviews the American Rule, and the major exceptions to that rule. The lesson focuses on rules that shift responsibility for fees to one's opponents in litigation. The first two parts of the lesson review the major exceptions to the American Rule that allow attorney's fees may be awarded as part of the judgment in a case where a statute or contract provides for this shifting of costs.

Restitution & Volunteers

When defendant has been unjustly enriched at plaintiff's expense, plaintiff is entitled to seek restitution. Among the rules and principles that qualify a plaintiff's right to seek restitution is the notion that a "volunteer" is not entitled to seek restitution. In this lesson, we explore the concept of "volunteer" in an effort to determine who should be regarded as a volunteer and who should not. The lesson is intended for those who have studied these issues in class and wish to further refine their knowledge.