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  • This Subject Area Index lists all CALI lessons covering Criminal Procedure.
  • The Criminal Procedure Outline allows you to search for terms of art that correspond to topics you are studying to find suggestions for related CALI Lessons.

Criminal Procedure

Right to Trial by Jury - Criminal Prosecution, Size, and Unanimity

This lesson explores some of the basic issues surrounding one of our most basic constitutional rights, the right to a trial by jury. The lesson explores the issues of what constitutes a "criminal prosecution" requiring a jury trial, as well as the issues of size and unanimity requirements for a "jury" to pass constitutional muster. Issues relating to the selection and composition of the jury--the make up of the jury pool, the use of preemptory challenges, etc.--and what decisions must be made by the jury, are the subject of a separate lesson.

Search Incident to Arrest

This lesson provides the basic framework for the search incident to arrest exception to the warrant and probable cause requirements the U.S. Supreme Court set forth in Chimel v. California in 1969. The lesson explores the development and operation of this exception since Chimel in three contexts: in public, in vehicles and in premises.

Searches and Seizures with a Warrant: Issuance of the Warrant 1

This lesson, part one of three lessons on searches and seizures with a warrant, addresses issuance of warrants. This involves basic principles about search and arrest warrants, who can issue them, the "preference" for warrants, and concepts of probable cause, particularity and nexus. The second lesson concerning warrants, "Searches and Seizures with a Warrant: Issuance of the Warrant 2" includes a detailed example of an application for a search warrant and the search warrant issued based on this application. These provide opportunities to identify potential shortcomings in both documents.

Searches and Seizures with a Warrant: Issuance of the Warrant 2

This lesson, part two of three lessons on searches and seizures with a warrant, addresses application of the rules for issuance of warrants. A first lesson, "Searches and Seizures with a Warrant: Issuance of the Warrant 1," involves basic principles about warrants, who can issue them, the "preference" for warrants, and concepts of probable cause, particularity and nexus. This lesson includes a detailed example of an application for a search warrant and the search warrant issued based on this application. These provide opportunities to identify potential shortcomings in both documents.

Searches and Seizures with a Warrant: Execution of the Warrant

This third lesson in a three lesson set on warrants addresses execution of warrants. Two separate lessons, "Searches and Seizures with Warrants: Issuance of the Warrant 1" and "Searches and Seizures with Warrants: Issuance of the Warrant 2," cover the rules for issuing warrants and the use of these rules with an application for a search warrant and a search warrant. This third lesson treats what happens when police obtain a warrant. It examines the knock & announce requirement, the proper time and method of entry, and the property subject to search under a search warrant.

Stop and Frisk

This lesson reviews the reasoning and holding of the landmark case of Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1 (1968) and explores the broader issues relating to investigative detentions and limited searches spawned by the Terry decision. The lesson examines when a seizure occurs, when reasonable suspicion to justify a seizure exists, the permissible scope of a Terry seizure, when officers have the authority to frisk, and the permissible scope of a frisk.

The Consent Exception

Although the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures, there is nothing to prevent the citizenry from waiving their constitutional rights. In this lesson, we examine the "consent" exception to the warrant requirement. The lesson is intended for students who have studied these issues in class, and wish to refine and expand their knowledge.

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